Main data sources about border deaths are news media, states (although no state has yet produced mortality statistics for border deaths using the following official documentation: medical examiner reports, death records, burial permits etc.) and affected persons (Dearden et al. 2020: 55-56). “There is a heavy dependence still on data sourced from news reports, whereas families and survivors are an under-appreciated source of information about border deaths and their impact. Impacts of the phenomenon of border deaths also need to diversify beyond aggregated death tolls and unreliable mortality rates, to demonstrate the variety of ways in which many different people are afflicted.“ (Last 2020: 25). Treating families and friends as a source of data „has important ethical and practical implications“ and may „lead to a shift in the kind of data that is disseminated“ (Dearden et al. 2020: 63).
Dearden, Kate, Tamara Last and Craig Spencer. 2020. „Mortality and Border Deaths Data Key Challenges and Ways Forward“. In Border Deaths. Causes, Dynamics and Consequences of Migration-related Mortality. Paolo Cuttitta and Tamara Last eds. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 53-70.
Last, Tamara 2020. “Introduction. A State-of-the-Art Exposition on Border Deaths”. In Border Deaths. Causes, Dynamics and Consequences of Migration-related Mortality. Paolo Cuttitta and Tamara Last eds. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 21-33.